criminology, environmental Traditionally, the study of ‘crime and place’; that is, the spatial patterning of crime and victimization (see VICTIMOLOGY). Environmental criminology is related therefore to the work of the Chicago School on urban ecology, and to such developments in crime prevention as the notions of ‘defensible space’, ‘target hardening’, and, most recently, zero tolerance (see BROKEN WINDOWS THESIS). However, with the emergence of theories of late-modernity and the risk society, ‘green’ (environmental) issues have become more prominent—a context in which the notions of environmental crime and criminology tend more often to refer to crimes against the natural environment, animal life, and human communities (for example the dumping of toxic waste). This emerging area of sociological research also raises questions of human rights and issues related to ecopopulism.
environmental criminology See CRIMINOLOGY, ENVIRONMENTAL.
More From encyclopedia.com
Environmental Auditing , Environmental auditing The environmental auditing movement gained momentum in the early 1980s as companies beset by new liabilities associated with S… Environmental Impact Statement , The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969 requires that federal agencies prepare an environmental impact statement (EIS) indicating, for a… Green Marketing , Green marketing is a way to use the environmental benefits of a product or service to promote sales. Many consumers will choose products that do not… Environmentalism , American environmental concern traces back to Jeffersonian ideas of a unique American connection to land and the romantic ethos of the nineteenth cen… Environmental Movement , The environmental movement in the United States is often dated to the 1962 publication of Rachel Carson's book Silent Spring. This seminal descriptio… Environmental Justice , Does every income, racial, ethnic, and age group have an equal right to protection from environmental hazards? This question is central to the emotio…
About this article
All Sources -
Updated Aug 08 2016 About encyclopedia.com content Print Topic
You Might Also Like