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penalty

pen·al·ty / ˈpenltē/ • n. (pl. -ties) 1. a punishment imposed for breaking a law, rule, or contract: the charge carries a maximum penalty of ten years' imprisonment. ∎  a disadvantage or unpleasant experience suffered as the result of an action or circumstance: the cold never leaves my bones these days—one of the penalties of age. 2. (in sports and games) a disadvantage or handicap imposed on a player or team, typically for infringement of rules. ∎  a kick or shot awarded to a team because of a serious infringement of the rules by an opponent. ∎  Bridge points won by the defenders when a declarer fails to make the contract. PHRASES: under (or on) penalty of under the threat of: he ordered enterprises to fulfill contracts under penalty of strict fines.

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Penalty

PENALTY

A punitive measure that the law imposes for the performance of an act that is proscribed, or for the failure to perform a required act.

Penalty is a comprehensive term with many different meanings. It entails the concept of punishment—either corporal or pecuniary, civil or criminal—although its meaning is usually confined to pecuniary punishment. The law can impose a penalty, and a private contract can provide for its assessment. Pecuniary penalties are frequently negotiated in construction contracts, in the event that the project is not completed by the specified date.

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penalty

penaltybatty, bratty, catty, chatty, Cincinnati, Dolcelatte, fatty, flattie, Hattie, natty, patty, ratty, Satie, Scarlatti, scatty, Tati, tattie, tatty •faculty •Alicante, andante, ante, anti, Ashanti, Bramante, Chianti, Dante, dilettante, Fante, Ferranti, infante, scanty, shanty (US chanty), spumante, vigilante, Zante •Asti, pasty •pederasty •Amati, arty, Astarte, castrati, chapatti, clarty, coati, ex parte, Frascati, glitterati, Gujarati, hearty, illuminati, karate, Kiribati, lathi, literati, Marathi, obbligati (US obligati), party, tarty •crafty, draughty (US drafty) •auntie • nasty • contrasty •amaretti, amoretti, Betti, Betty, confetti, cornetti, Donizetti, Getty, Giacometti, Hettie, jetty, machete, Marinetti, Nettie, petit, petty, Rossetti, Serengeti, spaghetti, sweaty, vaporetti, yeti •hefty, lefty •felty, sheltie •penalty • specialty • empty •al dente, aplenty, cognoscenti, divertimenti, lisente, plenty, portamenti, sente, twenty, twenty-twenty •seventy • peasanty •chesty, testy, zesty •Ghiberti

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