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Et Al.

ET AL.

An abbreviated form of et alia, Latin for "and others." When affixed after the name of a person, et al. indicates that additional persons are acting in the same manner, such as several plaintiffs or grantors.

When et al. is used in a judgment against defendants, it means that the quoted words are applicable to all the defendants.

cross-references

Court Opinion.

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"Et Al.." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Feb. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Et Al.." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 23, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/law/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/et-al

"Et Al.." West's Encyclopedia of American Law. . Retrieved February 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/law/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/et-al

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et al.

et al. / ˌet ˈal; ˌet ˈäl/ • abbr. and others (used esp. in referring to academic books or articles that have more than one author): the conclusions of Gardner et al. ORIGIN: from Latin et alii.

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"et al.." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Feb. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"et al.." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 23, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/et-al-0

"et al.." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. . Retrieved February 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/et-al-0

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et al.

et al. et alibi (Latin: and elsewhere)
• et alii (Latin: and others)

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"et al.." The Oxford Dictionary of Abbreviations. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Feb. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

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"et al.." The Oxford Dictionary of Abbreviations. . Retrieved February 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/et-al

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Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

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http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.