Section II. Ethical Directives for the Practice of Medicine
SECTION II. ETHICAL DIRECTIVES FOR THE PRACTICE OF MEDICINE
Oath of Hippocrates (Fourth Century b.c.e.)
Oath of Initiation (Caraka Samhita) (First Century c.e.?)
Oath of Asaph (Third Century-Seventh Century c.e.?)
Advice to a Physician, Advice of Haly Abbas (Ahwazi) (Tenth Century c.e.)
The 17 Rules of Enjuin (For Disciples of Our School) (Sixteenth Century c.e.)
Declaration of Geneva, World Medical Association (1948, amended 1968, 1983, 1994)
International Code of Medical Ethics, World Medical Association (1949, amended 1968,1983) )
Charter on Medical Professionalism (2002), American Board of Internal Medicine Foundation, Amercian College of Physicians—American Society of Internal Medicine Foundation, and European Foundation of Internal Medicine 
Code of Ethics and Guide to the Ethical Behaviour of Physicians, New Zealand Medical Association (2002)
Code of Ethics for Doctors, Norwegian Medical Association (amended 2000)
Oath of Soviet Physicians (1971)
Ethical and Religious Directives for Catholic Health Facilities, United States Catholic Conference (1971, revised 2001)
"Section II. Ethical Directives for the Practice of Medicine." Encyclopedia of Bioethics. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Jan. 2019 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.
"Section II. Ethical Directives for the Practice of Medicine." Encyclopedia of Bioethics. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 23, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/section-ii-ethical-directives-practice-medicine
"Section II. Ethical Directives for the Practice of Medicine." Encyclopedia of Bioethics. . Retrieved January 23, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/section-ii-ethical-directives-practice-medicine
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.