Section V. Ethical Directives Pertaining to the Welfare and Use of Animals
SECTION V. ETHICAL DIRECTIVES PERTAINING TO THE WELFARE AND USE OF ANIMALS•••
Veterinarian's Oath, American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) [1954, revised 1969, 1999]
Australian Code of Practice for the Care and Use of Animals for Scientific Purposes, National Health and Medical Research Council, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, and Australian Agricultural Council [revised 1989,1997]
Concern for the humane treatment of animals was expressed in the nineteenth century in both the United Kingdom and the United States through societies organized for the prevention of cruelty to animals. The Cruelty to Animals Act, enacted by the British Parliament in 1876, was among the earliest and most comprehensive laws for the protection of animals. Antivivisection proposals were made to the New York State legislature in the nineteenth century, but it was not until 1966 that the United States government enacted the Animal Welfare Act (7 U.S.C. 2131 et seq.), which, with accompanying regulations administered by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), is the most comprehensive code for the promotion of animal welfare in the United States.
"Section V. Ethical Directives Pertaining to the Welfare and Use of Animals." Encyclopedia of Bioethics. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Jul. 2019 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.
"Section V. Ethical Directives Pertaining to the Welfare and Use of Animals." Encyclopedia of Bioethics. . Encyclopedia.com. (July 17, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/section-v-ethical-directives-pertaining-welfare-and-use-animals
"Section V. Ethical Directives Pertaining to the Welfare and Use of Animals." Encyclopedia of Bioethics. . Retrieved July 17, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/section-v-ethical-directives-pertaining-welfare-and-use-animals
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.