Chalcidius (or Calcidius)

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Chalcidius (or Calcidius)

Fourth century a.d.

Roman scholar of Greek language who was one of the few to translate Greek into Latin during the third and fourth centuries a.d., providing a portion of the natural science corpus of Greek knowledge to the West. He translated most of the Timaeus (Plato's dialogue on his cosmology with its incipient theism) into Latin and added to it the first commentary on the Timaeus. It would remain the only Latin translation of a Platonic dialogue for eight centuries and an important source of Greek cosmology in the Middle Ages and Renaissance.