Ibn Wafid, Abu Al-Mutarrif ?Abd Alrahman
IBN WāFID, ABū AL-MUTARRIF ͑ABD ALRAHMAN
also known as Abenguefit, Abenguéfith, Albenguéfith, Abel Nufit (fl. Toledo, Spain, ca. 1008 – 1075), pharmacology.
Ibn Wāfid studied the works of Aristotle, Dioscorides, and Galen. At the demand of the king of Toledo, Al-Ma’mūn, he planted a botanical garden in the king’s orchard, which extended between the Galiana and Tajo palaces in front of the bridge of Alcántara. Ibn Luengo, a disciple of Ibn Wāfid, and possibly Ibn Baṣṣal studied in the king’s garden.
For twenty years Ibn Wāfid worked on the Kitāb al-adwiya al-mufrada (“Book of the Simple Medicines”), a synthesis, with some new data, of Dioscorides and Galen. The structure of the book confirms what Ibn Sā͑id (Ibn Wāfid’s friend and bibliographer) had stated, that is, that Ibn Wāfid did not like to prescribe compound medicines, but simple ones; and, if possible, he abstained from prescribing the latter and tried to cure his patients by following a dietary treatment.
Ibn Wāfid’s Kitāb al-rashshād fī al-tibb (“Guide to Medicine”) is a pharmacopoeia and manual of therepeutics. On account of an incorrect reading of the title by Casiri, who confused the letter rā' for wāw thereby reading wisād, the title was translated as “Book of the Pillow.”
Ibn Wāfid’s other works are the following: Mudjarrabāt fī al-tibb (“Medical Experiences”); Tadqīq al-nazar fi ͑ilal hāssat at-basar (“Observations on the Treatment of Eye Illnesses”), which might be the one preserved in the anonymous manuscript 876 at El Escorial; Kitāb al-mugīth (“Book of Assistance”), the title of which alludes to the drug mugīth, valuable for the treatment of many diseases: and Madjmū͑al-filāha (“A Compendium of Agriculture”), which is in a medieval Castilian translation and fragment.
J. M. Millás Vallicrosa found various Arabic manuscripts, in which Ibn Wāfid avoids discussing the pharmacologic properties of plants, and insists on his proper method of tillage. This book was made good use of by Gabriel Alonso de Herrera in his Agricultura General (Madrid, 1513; repr., 1819). Ibn Wāfid also wrote a treatise on balneology preserved in a Latin version as De balneis (Venice, 1553).
On Ibn Wāfid and his work, see J. M. Millás Vallicrosa, “La traducción castellana del ‘Tratado de Agricultura’ de ibn Wāfid,” in Al-Andalus, 8 (1943), 281 – 332; and G. Sarton, Introduction to the History of Science, I (Baltimore, 1927), 728.
"Ibn Wafid, Abu Al-Mutarrif ?Abd Alrahman." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 25, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ibn-wafid-abu-al-mutarrif-abd-alrahman
"Ibn Wafid, Abu Al-Mutarrif ?Abd Alrahman." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. . Retrieved June 25, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/ibn-wafid-abu-al-mutarrif-abd-alrahman
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.