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Ephthianuridae (Australian chats; class Aves, order Passeriformes) A family of small, brightly coloured, short-tailed birds that have fairly short, slightly decurved bills. They inhabit marshy ground and dry plains, and are mainly terrestrial, running along the ground to catch insects. They build an open nest in bushes near the ground. There are two genera, with five species, found in Australia. This family is sometimes placed with the Maluridae.