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av·er·age / ˈav(ə)rij/ (abbr.: avg.) • n. 1. the result obtained by adding several quantities together and then dividing this total by the number of quantities; the mean: the housing prices there are twice the national average. Compare with mean3 (sense 1). ∎  an amount, standard, level, or rate regarded as usual or ordinary: the month's snowfall is below average. 2. the apportionment of financial liability resulting from loss of or damage to a ship or its cargo. ∎  reduction in the amount payable under an insurance policy, e.g., in respect of partial loss. • adj. constituting the result obtained by adding together several quantities and then dividing this total by the number of quantities: the average temperature in May was 64°F. ∎  of the usual or ordinary standard, level, or quantity: a woman of average height. ∎  having qualities that are seen as typical of a particular person or thing: the average teenager prefers comfort to high fashion. ∎  mediocre; not very good. • v. [tr.] achieve or amount to as an average rate or amount over a period of time: annual inflation averaged 2.4 percent. ∎  calculate or estimate the average of (figures or measurements): their earnings, averaged out over the month, were only $62 a week. ∎  [intr.] (average out) result in an even distribution; even out: it is reasonable to hope that the results will average out. ∎  [intr.] (average out at/to) result in an average figure of: the cost should average out to about $6 per page. DERIVATIVES: av·er·age·ly adv. ORIGIN: late 15th cent.: from French avarie ‘damage to ship or cargo,’ earlier ‘customs duty,’ from Italian avaria, from Arabic 'awār ‘damage to goods’; the suffix -age is on the pattern of damage. Originally denoting a charge or customs duty payable by the owner of goods to be shipped, the term later denoted the financial liability from goods lost or damaged at sea, and specifically the equitable apportionment of this between the owners of the vessel and the cargo (late 16th cent.); this gave rise to the general sense of the equalizing out of gains and losses by calculating the mean (mid 18th cent.).

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averagecarriage, disparage, Harwich, intermarriage, marriage, miscarriage •undercarriage •cartridge, partridge •Selfridge • Cambridge • Bainbridge •Knightsbridge • umpirage •borage, forage, Norwich, porridge •Oxbridge • storage • drawbridge •Trowbridge • tollbridge • footbridge •courage, demurrage, encourage •umbrage • suffrage •peerage, steerage •sewerage • moorage •harbourage (US harborage) •pasturage • pilferage • anchorage •acreage • vicarage • brokerage •cellarage • Coleridge •haemorrhage (US hemorrhage) •amperage • factorage • hectarage •litreage (US literage), metreage (US meterage) • fosterage •porterage, quarterage •tutorage • average •beverage, Beveridge •leverage • overage • coverage

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average In statistics, a summary of the data using a single value. The data may be summarized by the mean, median, or mode values. See also VARIANCE.

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average In statistics, the one score that most typifies an entire set of scores. It is the arithmetic mean of the scores. Other calculations that are also used to express what is typical in a set of scores are the mode (the one score that occurs most often), and the median (the middle score in a range which thus divides the set of scores into upper and lower halves).

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average †charge over and above the shipment freight XV; loss arising from damage at sea, equitable distribution of such loss XVI; arithmetical mean XVIII. Earlier forms averays, averi(d)ge — F. avarie (pl. -ies) damage to ship or cargo — It. avaria — Arab. 'awārīya damaged goods.

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average, averaging See CENTRAL TENDENCY (MEASURES OF).

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