Ẓemaḥ Ẓedek ben Isaac

views updated

ẒEMAḤ ẒEDEK BEN ISAAC

ẒEMAḤ ẒEDEK BEN ISAAC (second half of tenth century), gaon of the Sura Academy in Baghdad from about 988 to about 997; descendant of R. *Ẓemaḥ b. Paltoi Gaon. R. Ẓemaḥ Ẓedek reopened the Sura Academy after it had been closed for some 45 years (after the death of R. Saadiah Gaon). In a letter of 953, attributed to Ẓemaḥ Ẓedek, which was probably sent to *Ḥisdai ibn Shaprut in Spain, the writer asked for contributions to the academies of Babylonia and appended a list of halakhic questions which had been addressed to Babylonian geonim. R. Ẓemaḥ Ẓedek maintained friendly relations with R. *Elhanan b. Shemariah of Egypt, with whom he had become acquainted when the latter had studied at Pumbedita under R. *Sherira Gaon and his son R. Hai Gaon. R. Ẓemaḥ Ẓedek gave his advice to R. Elhanan in questions concerning the nature and the unity of God.

bibliography:

E.D. Shapira, in: Ginzei Kedem, 3 (1925), 3–13; Mann, in: Hebrew Union College Jubilee Volume (1925), 227ff.; idem, in: huca, 3 (1926), 309–10; Mann, Texts, 1 (1931), 145–7, 478–9; Abramson, Merkazim, 113, 136.

[Abraham David]

About this article

Ẓemaḥ Ẓedek ben Isaac

Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article Share Article