WEINTRAUB, SOLOMON (1781–1829), Polish cantor; also known as Solomon Kashtan, after his native town in Volhynia. He was cantor in Dubno, but often traveled from town to town giving performances, and was noted for his fervor and singular coloratura. He was the first cantor to leave written compositions, and he created an Eastern European style. Most of his works remained in manuscript (Hebrew Union College, Cincinnati), but a selection was edited and published in modern form by his son, zevi hirsch alter weintraub (1811–1882). The latter succeeded him as cantor in Dubno (1830–35), and was cantor in Koenigsberg (1838–80). He made his father's work part three of his Schire Beth Adonai oder Tempelgesaenge … (3 pts., Leipzig, 1860; 19553).
Idelsohn, Music, 266–9; H. Harris, Toledot ha-Neginah ve-ha-Ḥazzanut be-Yisrael (1950), 395–6, 408–10; Sendrey, Music, index; Z.H.A. Weintraub, in: Ha-Maggid (April 7, 1875).
[Ernst Daniel Goldschmidt]