Vigenère, Blaise de°
VIGENÈRE, BLAISE DE°
VIGENÈRE, BLAISE DE ° (1523–1596), French diplomat, humanist, and Christian kabbalist. As French ambassador in Rome from 1566, Vigenère sought out Jewish scholars and immersed himself in Hebrew studies and the Kabbalah. He became a pupil of Gilbert *Génébrard and Nicolas Le Fèvre de la Boderie, two eminent French Christian Hebraists, and first began to publish at the age of 50. Vigenère was a well-known translator, but mainly achieved fame as the author of books on alchemy, astrology, cryptography, and Kabbalah.
His works include a Traité des comètes avec leurs causes et effets (Paris, 1578); and a Traité des chiffres, ou Secrète manière d'écrire (Paris, 1586), which was quoted at length by his cousin, Claude Duret, in his work Thresor de l'histoire des langues de cest univers (Paris, 1613). Kabbalistic material was more prominent in his Prières et oraisons (Paris, 1595), probably based on the second translation of the *Zohar undertaken by Guillaume *Postel. Vigenère himself wrote that the contents were "mainly drawn from the Zohar, the Sefer ha-*Bahir or Book of Splendor, the Midrash Tehillim, and other little-known works." The Christian Kabbalah is again prominent in a work which appeared posthumously, the Traité du feu et du sel (Paris, 1608; Discourse of Fire and Salt, 1649). In his Traité des chiffres, Vigenère paid generous tribute to Guy *Le Fèvre de la Boderie and his brother Nicolas, whose achievements had never fully been recognized.
F. Secret, in: Bibliothèque d'Humanisme et Renaissance, 17 (1955), 294ff.; idem, Le Zôhar chez les kabbalistes chrétiens de la Renaissance (19642), 83–88; idem, Les kabbalistes chrétiens de la Renaissance (1964), 200, 203–8; Nouvelle Biographie Générale, 46 (1866), 140–2.
[Godfrey Edmond Silverman]
"Vigenère, Blaise de°." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/vigenere-blaise-dedeg
"Vigenère, Blaise de°." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved May 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/vigenere-blaise-dedeg
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.