Pioneer in Catholic mission science; b. Fraustadt (Posen), Germany, Oct. 27, 1875; d. Frankfurt am Main, July 31, 1930. In 1895 he entered the Oblates of Mary Immaculate. After ordination he became editor of the mission periodical of the Oblates. In this position he conceived the idea of starting a movement for the scientific investigation of the missionary apostolate. His first important treatises on missiology were Die Theologischwissenschaftliche Missionskunde (1909) and Die Missions in Exegese und Patrologie (1910). At the German Catholic Congress held at Breslau in 1909, there was established a missionary commission of which he was a member. When this commission met in Berlin in 1910, the idea for a scientific missionary periodical was raised. Through Streit's influence, Joseph schmidlin founded the first scientific mission journal in German.
Streit's principal work was the Bibliotheca Missionum, a bibliography of all literature concerning the missions. Documents, letters, pamphlets, and the like are described in detail with scholarly references and editorial comment. One volume appeared each year. Seven had appeared before Streit's death in 1930. After his death, J. Dindinger, who had collaborated with him and who succeeded him as prefect of the Pontifical Library of Missions, continued the work. There were more than 20 volumes in the series by 1964.
At the request of Pope Pius XI, Streit produced Die Weltmission der Katholischen Kirche, Zahlen und Zeichen (1927), a study of the Vatican Mission Exposition of 1925. This amazing array of facts about every mission area in the world was published in five languages. The English version, Catholic Missions in Figures and Symbols, was published in 1927. Streit's other important works are Opfer der Hottentotten (1907); Katholische deutsche missionsliteratur (1925), a history of German Catholic mission literature from 1800 to 1925, with a bibliography; and Missionspredigten (3 v. 1914–1918).
Bibliography: r. streit and j. dindinger, Bibliotheca missionum (Freiburg 1916–) 6:IX–XIII. j. pietsch, P. Robert Streit, Pionier der Missionswissenschaft (Beckenried 1952).
[j. a. mccoy]
"Streit, Robert." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 25, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/streit-robert
"Streit, Robert." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved April 25, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/streit-robert
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.