Skip to main content

Spina, Guiseppe

SPINA, GUISEPPE

Cardinal, diplomat; b. Sarzana (La Spezia), Italy, March 12, 1756; d. Rome, Nov. 12, 1838. After studying law at Bologna and Rome and serving as referendary of the papal segnatura, he was ordained (1796) and consecrated titular archbishop of Corinth (September 1798). He accompanied Pius VI into exile and administered to him on his deathbed at Valence (1799). Charged with negotiating a concordat with France, he arrived in Paris (Nov. 15, 1800) and with bernier sought to establish the basis of an agreement. Although Cardinal consalvi, who was called in to prevent a rupture in the proceedings, had the honor of concluding the concordat of 1801, Spina's prudence and skill deserve no less credit for preparing the way. After being created cardinal and archbishop of Genoa (1802), he was conciliatory to such an extent that he joined the "red" cardinals who attended the second marriage of napoleon i with Marie Louise (1810) and the French national council (1811). After the restoration of the states of the church, Spina resigned his archbishopric (1819). He was papal legate to Forli (1816) and then to Bologna (181824). As plenipotentiary of the Holy See at the Congresses of Laibach (1821) and Verona (1822) he refused to lend Metternich military help from the Holy See in return for quelling the revolution in Naples and renounced a projected central police commission and postal union for Italy, which favored Austrian hegemony.

Bibliography: j. h. brady, Rome and the Neapolitan Revolution of 182021 (New York 1937). Spiegel und das Verhältnis von Kirche und Staat (Münster 1964). h. schrÖrs, Die Kölner Wirren (Bonn 1927).

[j. leflon]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Spina, Guiseppe." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Dec. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Spina, Guiseppe." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/spina-guiseppe

"Spina, Guiseppe." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/spina-guiseppe

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.