Skip to main content

Shapira, Elijah ben Benjamin Wolf


SHAPIRA, ELIJAH BEN BENJAMIN WOLF (1660–1712), rabbi, preacher, and halakhist. Elijah studied under his grandfather, Aaron Simeon Shapira, and Abraham Abele *Gombiner. He was the brother-in-law of Jacob *Reischer and of David *Oppenheim. He served as rabbi in Kolin, Bohemia, and from 1702 in Tiktin, resigning this post when he was appointed head of the yeshivah and preacher in his native Prague (though according to some he continued to act as rabbi of Tiktin while in Prague).

Elijah gained renown through his works: Eliyahu Zuta, a short commentary on the Levush of Mordecai b. Abraham *Jaffe, published with the text (Prague, 1689); Eliyahu Rabbah, a more extensive and profound commentary to the same work, published with the Shulḥan Arukh, Oraḥ Ḥayyim (Sulzbach, 1757), to which it served as a kind of supplement; Shishah Shitot me-Ḥiddushei Eliyyah Rabbah on the tractates Ketubbot, Kiddushin, Gittin, Bava Kamma. Bava Batra, and Ḥullin, published in Zurich in 1768. Many of his other works – sermons, novellae, and responsa which had remained in manuscript – were destroyed in the great fire of Prague in 1754.

Shapira died in Prague; his sons were Aryeh Leib, rabbi of Leipen, and Samuel, head of the Prague bet din.


Ch. Tchernowitz, Toledot ha-Posekim, 3 (1947), 185–6; M. Bar-Yuda and Z. Ben-Nachum (eds.), Sefer Tiktin (1959), 74–5.

[Itzhak Alfassi]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Shapira, Elijah ben Benjamin Wolf." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 25 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Shapira, Elijah ben Benjamin Wolf." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (April 25, 2019).

"Shapira, Elijah ben Benjamin Wolf." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved April 25, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.