Shalom, Abraham

views updated


SHALOM, ABRAHAM (d. 1557?), rabbi, also known as Ha-Rosh (from the initials of R. Shalom). Abraham Shalom was born in Salonika to a family of rabbis, possibly the grandson of Abraham b. Isaac *Shalom (d. 1492). He studied with his friend Solomon ha-Levi *Alkabez under Joseph *Taitaẓak in Salonika, and later became a teacher there. In about 1530 he settled in Safed, where he became the disciple and colleague of *Jacob Berab I; he was one of the four scholars who received *semikhah (rabbinical ordination) from Berab. Shalom, the colleague of Joseph *Caro and Moses of *Trani, served as dayyan and head of a yeshivah. His grandson Abraham b. Eliezer Shalom was one of the most important rabbis of Safed.


Conforte, Kore, 36a, 49b; Neubauer, Chronicles, 1 (1887), 140; Rosanes, Togarmah, 2 (1938), 175; 3 (1938), 97, 426; Yaari, Sheluḥei, 243–4; Benayahu, in: Sefer Yovel… Y. Baer (1960), 249; Dimitrovsky, in: Sefunot, 6 (1962), 93, 111; 7 (1963), 49, 66.

[Abraham David]