Schmelz, Usiel Oscar

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SCHMELZ, USIEL OSCAR (1918–1995), demographer. Born in Vienna, Schmelz settled in Ereẓ Israel in 1939. From 1958 he headed the demographic and social divisions of the Central Bureau of Statistics, and from 1961 was Research Fellow in Jewish Demography at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Among his publications are Jewish Demography and Statistics; 19201960 (1961), a bibliography, and Criminal Statistics in Israel (1962–64). He was co-editor of Jewish Population Studies, 19611968 (1970), to which he contributed A Guide to Jewish Population Studies. He was Encyclopaedia Judaica departmental editor for demography of contemporary Jewry.