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Richard of Gravesend


Bishop of Lincoln; d. Stow Park, Lincolnshire, England, Dec. 13, 1279. A native of Kent, he became dean of Lincoln, 1254, and then bishop, 1258. Gravesend assisted Simon de Montfort in negotiations for Anglo-French peace (1258). He supported the Provisions of Oxford, sided with Montfort against King Henry III in the Barons' War, and represented Montfort in negotiations leading to temporary peace (1263). The papal legate Ottobuono Fieschi, later Pope adrian v, suspended him for supporting Montfort (1266), but Gravesend, already reconciled with Henry, visited Rome and obtained absolution from Pope clement iv. Archbishop john peckham rebuked him (1279) for instituting overly harsh measures against pluralists in Lincoln diocese, and taking advantage of constitutions issued by Peckham in order to do so. Gravesend, whom matthew paris calls "worthy" and "useful," was closely associated with adam marsh. He is buried in Lincoln Cathedral.

Bibliography: Annales Monastici, ed. h. r. luard, 5 v. (Rerum Brittanicarum medii aevi scriptores 36) v. 1, 3, 4. m. paris, Chronica majora, ed. h. r. luard, 7 v. (Rerum Brittanicarum medii aevi scriptores 57; 187283) v. 5. Rotuli Ricardi Gravesend, diocesis Lincolniensis, ed. f. n. davis (London 1925). c. l. kingsford, The Dictionary of National Biography from the Earliest Times to 1900, 63 v. (London 18851900) 8:441442. f. m. powicke, King Henry III and the Lord Edward, 2 v. (Oxford 1947). a. b. emden, A Biographical Register of the Scholars of the University of Oxford to A.D. 1500, 3 v. (Oxford 195759) 2:803804. m. gibbs and j. lang, Bishops and Reform, 12151272 (London 1934; repr. 1962).

[r. w. hays]

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