Skip to main content

Rab-Saris and Rab-Mag


RAB-SARIS AND RAB-MAG (Heb. רַב מָג ;רַב־סָרִיס), titles of high ranking Assyrian and Babylonian officials. An economic bilingual document in Akkadian and Aramaic attests the title Rab-Saris as held by an Assyrian eponym. In that document, however, the corresponding Akkadian term is absent and it is as yet unattested elsewhere. Further a מרסרס of Sargon is found in Aramaic. The meaning of all these is "chief of the king's attendants." Though the saris–in Akkadian ša rēši–was often a *eunuch (in contradistinction to the ša ziqni, "the bearded one"), there is no indication that the Rab-Saris was always castrated. In the story of Daniel, the Rab-Saris Ashpenaz trained certain aristocratic Jewish youths for service in the court of Nebuchadnezzar (Dan. 1:3ff.). The Rab-Saris is among the Assyrian officials leading the siege of Jerusalem in the days of Hezekiah (ii Kings 18:17). In Jeremiah 39:3–13, the Rab-Saris Nebushazban is mentioned together with other Babylonian officials. Among these was Nergalsharezer the Rab-Mag. In late Assyrian and late Babylonian texts the rab-mugi (or rabmungi) is described as a high official who performed military, administrative, and diplomatic duties, although the precise significance of the title is unclear.


M. Sprengling, in: ajsll, 49 (1932), 53–54; E. Weidner, in: afo, 17 (1954–56), 293; J. Nougayrov, Le Palais royal d'Ugarit, 3 (1955), 16:162; H. Tadmor, in: bies, 31 (1967), 77.

[S. David Sperling]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Rab-Saris and Rab-Mag." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 17 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Rab-Saris and Rab-Mag." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (April 17, 2019).

"Rab-Saris and Rab-Mag." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved April 17, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.