Philip of Grève

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Canon and master at Notre Dame, a native of Gravia Parisiensis, today the site of La Place de l'Hôtel-de-Ville, Paris; d. c. 122022. Since the 16th century most histories of medieval literature mistakenly identified him with his more famous contemporary philip the chancellor, theologian and chancellor of the University of Paris (121836) and outstanding poet of his time. Henri Meylan shattered this age-old identification (1927): manuscripts and obituaries prove that the two are not the same. Philip of Grève was a canon at Notre Dame, Paris (since 1182), and magister since 1104; he was teaching canon law there c. 1200. He died as dean of the cathedral chapter of Sens. He is not the author of the poetry formerly ascribed to him nor of any known writings. Philip the Chancellor was the poet, and he is always identified in the manuscripts as "the Chancellor," never as Philip of Grève.

Bibliography: h. meylan, Les questions de Philippe le Chancelier (Thèse de l'École Nationale des Chartres; Paris 1927). p. glorieux, Répertoire des maîtres en théologie de Paris au XIII esiècle (Paris 193334) 1:282284; v. 1718 of Bibliothèque Thomiste (Le Saulchoir 1921). m. manitius, Geschichte der lateinischen Literatur des Mittelalters, 3 v. (Munich 191131) 3:930. h. tischler, "New Historical Aspects of the Parisian Organa," Speculum. A Journal of Mediaeval Studies 25 (1950) 25. n. wicki, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner, 10 v. (2d, new ed. Freiburg 195765) 8:450.

[g. m. cook]