Pakula, Alan Jay
PAKULA, ALAN JAY
PAKULA, ALAN JAY (1928–1998), U.S. director, producer, and screenwriter. The son of a Polish immigrant, Pakula grew up in the Bronx and was a 1948 Yale graduate. Instead of taking over the family printing business, Pakula moved to Hollywood. In the early 1950s, he worked at Warner Brothers, mgm, and Paramount Pictures before collaborating with director Robert Mulligan in 1957 to produce his first film, Fear Strikes Out. The two formed Pakula-Mulligan Productions, which produced numerous films from 1957 to 1969. One of their greatest successes was an adaptation of Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird (1962), which was nominated for best picture. Other Pakula-Mulligan films were Love with a Proper Stranger (1963), Inside Daisy Clover (1966), Up the Down Staircase (1967), and The Stalking Moon (1968). Pakula married actress Hope Lange in 1963, but the two divorced in 1969. Pakula made his directorial debut in 1969 with The Sterile Cuckoo. The thriller-suspense movie Klute (1971), which Pakula directed and co-produced, was the first of what is known as his "paranoia trilogy." The Parallax View (1974) was the second installment, followed by All the President's Men (1976), the movie starring Robert Redford and Dustin Hoffman as the Washington Post reporters who helped uncover the Watergate scandal. It was the top-grossing film of the year, won four Oscars, and earned Pakula a nomination for best director. In 1982, Pakula directed, wrote, and co-produced Sophie's Choice, a film about a Holocaust survivor. Pakula's screenplay was nominated for best adaptation. Pakula's first original screenplay, See You in the Morning (1989), about a man who marries a widow with stepchildren, was based on his life; in 1973 Pakula married widow Hannah Cohn Boorstin, who had three children. The Pelican Brief (1993) was Pakula's biggest box-office hit. His last film was The Devil's Own (1997). Pakula died in a car accident.
[Susannah Howland (2nd ed.)]
"Pakula, Alan Jay." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 15, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pakula-alan-jay
"Pakula, Alan Jay." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved November 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pakula-alan-jay
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.