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Meyer, Richard Moritz


MEYER, RICHARD MORITZ (1860–1914), German literary historian. Born and educated in Berlin, Meyer became professor (without salary) of literature at Berlin University in 1901. His books enjoyed a remarkable popularity extending far beyond his immediate scholarly circle. His prizewinning biography of Goethe in three volumes was published in 1895. He wrote a monograph on Nietzsche, Nietzsche. Sein Leben und sein Werk (1913). Meyer's outstanding achievements were his Die deutsche Literatur des 19. Jahrhunderts (1900; popular edition, 1912) and Die deutsche Literatur bis zum Beginn des 19. Jahrhunderts (ed. O. Pniower, 1916; enlarged edition ed. by Hugo *Bieber, 1923).

add. bibliography:

R. Berbig, "'Poesieprofessor' und 'literarischer Ehrabschneider'. Der Berliner Literaturhistoriker Richard M. Meyer; mit Dokumenten," in: Berliner Hefte zur Geschichte des literarischen Lebens, 1 (1996), 37–99; H.H. Mueller, "'Ich habe nie etwas anderes sein wollen, als ein deutscher Philolog aus Scherers Schule.' Hinweise auf Richard Moritz Meyer," in: W. Barner and C. König (eds.), Juedische Intellektuelle und die Philologien in Deutschland 187 –1933 (2001), 93–102; idem, T. Kindt and H.H. Mueller, in: C. Koenig (ed.), Internationales Germanistenlexikon, 2 (2003), 1218–1230.

[Rudolf Kayser]

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