Menahem ben Michael ben Joseph

views updated


MENAHEM BEN MICHAEL BEN JOSEPH , medieval Karaite scholar. He was author of a Hebrew polemical epistle in verse addressed to "Akylas the Proselyte, in care of Saadiah the Rabbanite," dealing with the laws of slaughtering. S.P. *Pinsker, who first published the poem, assumed that it was directed against *Saadiah Gaon and that therefore the author must have lived in the first half of the tenth century. His vocabulary, however, is that of a Byzantine Karaite of a later date, presumably the 12th century, and he is very likely identical with Menahem b. Michael, the author of several hymns included in the Karaite liturgy.


S. Pinsker, Likkutei Kadmoniyyot (1860), index, s.v.Menaḥem Giẓani ha-Goleh; S. Poznański, Karaite Literary Opponents of Saadiah Gaon (1908), 11–12.

[Leon Nemoy]