Skip to main content

Löhe, Johann Konrad Wilhelm


German Lutheran theologian; b. Fürth, Feb. 21, 1808; d. Neuendettelsau, both near Nuremberg, Bavaria, Jan. 2, 1872. After attending the Melanchthon Gymnasium in Nuremberg, he studied theology at the universities of Erlangen and Berlin. As pastor of several different congregations (183137), he became known as a forceful advocate of Lutheran orthodoxy. His ideas on Church government, the efficacy of works, self-denial, and celibacy closely resembled those of Roman Catholicism; so also did his suggestions for liturgical reform, private confession, and frequent communion, which he promoted by scholarly studies and pastoral work. Löhe also labored to provide religious care for German emigrants, particularly those going to the United States, and he was involved in the founding of the Lutheran Missouri Synod. His interest in practical works of charity led him to found a Society for inner mission (1844) and a Society of Deaconesses (1853). In 1854 he established a deaconess motherhouse in Neuendettelsau, where he served as pastor from 1837 until his death.

Bibliography: Gesammelte Werke, ed. k. ganzert, 7 v. (Neuendettelsau 195158). s. hebart, W. Löhes Lehre von der Kirche, ihrem Amt und Regiment (Neuendettelsau 1939); h. kressel, Wilhelm Löhe als Prediger (Gütersloh 1929); Wilhelm Löhe als Liturg und Liturgiker (Neuendettelsau 1952); Wilhelm Löhe als Katechet und als Seelsorger (Neuendettelsau 1955). k. ganzert, Evangelisches Kirchenlexicon: Kirchlich-theologisches Handwörterbuch, 4 v. (Göttingen 195661) 2:11511152.

[l. j. swidler]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Löhe, Johann Konrad Wilhelm." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . 21 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Löhe, Johann Konrad Wilhelm." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . (January 21, 2019).

"Löhe, Johann Konrad Wilhelm." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved January 21, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.