Lieben, Salomon Hugo

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LIEBEN, SALOMON HUGO (1881–1942), historian of Bohemian Jewry, cousin of Salomon *Lieben. Lieben received his general and Jewish education in his native Prague and taught religion in Prague German-language secondary schools. In 1906 he founded and directed the Prague Jewish museum in the ohel tohorah ("the purification hall") of the old cemetery, around which the Nazis later ordered the organization of the Central Jewish Museum (now the Prague State Jewish Museum; see *Museums, Jewish); Lieben was among its scientific workers. He published research papers on Bohemian Jewish history in many Jewish scientific publications, concentrating on its outstanding personalities and events, such as David *Oppenheim, Ezekiel b. Judah *Landau, Eleazar *Fleckeles, Jewish printing in Prague, and the expulsion by *Maria Theresa (1745). He exposed the Ramshak chronicle, allegedly from the *Hussite period, as a falsification by Marcus Fischer (see Moses *Fischer). On the board of the Society for the History of the Jews in Czechoslovakia and coeditor of its yearbooks (jggjČ) and of Die Juden in Prag (1927), he edited Die juedischen Denkmaeler in der Tschechoslowakei (1933) and collaborated with Hugo *Gold in editing his books on the communities of Bohemia and Moravia. Lieben died in Prague.


O. Muneles, Bibliographical Survey of Jewish Prague (1958), contains list of his publications; H. Volavkov, Story of the Jewish Museum in Prague (1968), passim.

[Meir Lamed]