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KORONE (Coron ), town and port located on the southwest Peloponnesus, Greece. The 12th-century traveler Benjamin of Tudela found 300 Jews in Korone. After the expulsion from Spain a number of Jews settled in Korone. During the 14th and 15th centuries the Jews were engaged in maritime commerce. Under Venetian rule they suffered oppression and degradation. When Andrea Dorea attacked Turkish-held Greece in 1532, Jewish property was plundered, and some of the Jews taken captive. During the Venetian assault on Korone in 1646 Jews were carried off to Malta as slaves. With the conquest of Korone in 1685 by Venice the Jewish community dispersed. It was not reorganized after the Peloponnesus peninsula again became a part of the Ottoman Empire in 1715.


azdj, 54 (1890), 3–4; Roth, jhset, 12 (1931), 217, 241; J. Starr, Romania (1949), 63–72.

[Simon Marcus]