Kol (Kolodny), Moshe
KOL (Kolodny), MOSHE
KOL (Kolodny ), MOSHE (1911–1989), Israeli politician, member of the Second and Fourth to Eighth Knessets. Born in Pinsk, Russia, he was a leader of the Zionist youth movement Ha-No'ar ha-Ẓiyyoni in Poland, and settled in Palestine in 1932. He became the representative of his movement's workers faction (which later assumed the name Ha-Oved ha-Ẓiyyoni) in the *Histadrut Executive. He was elected a deputy member of the *Jewish Agency Executive in 1946, and became a full member in 1948, when he was appointed head of the *Youth Aliyah Department, a post he held until 1964. In 1948, after the establishment of the State of Israel, he was one of the founders and leaders of the Progressive Party and served on the Provisional State Council in 1948. He was first elected to the Second Knesset in 1951. In the years 1961–65 the Progressive Party formed part of the *Israel Liberal Party, but in 1965 broke away from the Liberal Party when the latter joined Gaḥal, assuming the name "the Independent Liberal Party," of which Kol became the leader. In 1966–69 he served as minister of tourism and development and in 1969–77 as minister of tourism. In the Second Knesset, and again in the Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth Knessets, from which he soon resigned to enable the next in line on his party list to enter the Knesset.
Among his writings are Masekhet Aliyyat ha-No'ar (1961) and Aliyyat ha-No'ar (1966), both on Youth Aliyah; Morim ve-Ḥaverim ("Teachers and Friends," 1968); and Ba-Ma'avak le-Shittuf Yehudi-Aravi be-Yisrael ("On the Struggle for Jewish-Arab Cooperation in Israel," 1979).
Nafatali Zahar, Moshe Kol le-Yom Huladeto ha-75; Me'at Mikhtavim mi-Ymei Meẓukah ve-Tikvah (1986).
[Susan Hattis Rolef (2nd ed.)]