Kimḥi, Jacob ben Samuel
KIMḤI, JACOB BEN SAMUEL
KIMḤI, JACOB BEN SAMUEL (c. 1720–1800), talmudist and author in London. Jacob Kimḥi was born in Constantinople where his father Samuel, whose responsa are mentioned in the Masat Moshe of Moses *Israel (Ḥm nos. 50–51; Constantinople, 1734), was rabbi. At an early age Kimḥi undertook journeys through Europe, finally arriving in London, where he remained until his death. There he engaged in business but became well known through his extensive knowledge of Talmud. Ḥ.J.D. *Azulai made his acquaintance in London and describes him as "an acute and erudite" scholar. He was the author of Shoshannat Ya'akov (Sulzbach, 1748), novellae to tractates Beẓah and Ta'anit. He states that his aim was "to avoid casuistry and hairsplitting and establish the plain meaning of the Talmud in order to arrive at the law"; he sought to answer difficulties raised against the statements of Rashi and the tosafists. His She'elah u-Teshuvah be-Inyan Bedikat ha-Re'ah ve-ha-Sheḥitah u-Vedikah be-London ("A Responsum on the Subject of the Slaughtering of Cattle and the Examination of their Lungs in London"; Altona, 1760) was occasioned by a dispute that broke out in London between 1755 and 1766 in connection with *sheḥitah, which led to a schism between the Ashkenazi and Sephardi communities, in consequence of the accusations of the Sephardi shoḥet Ḥayyim Albahali (1755) that the slaughterers did not sufficiently supervise the examination of the meat after sheḥitah. Kimḥi published his work, in which he supported the view of Albahali, when the dispute was at its height.
Azulai, 1 (1852), 177 no. 149; idem, Ma'gal Tov ha-Shalem, ed. by A. Freimann (1934), 31f.; C. Duschinsky, in: jhset, 7 (1915), 272–90; idem, The Rabbinate of the Great Synagogue (1921), 7 n. 1, 279, 282.
"Kimḥi, Jacob ben Samuel." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 17, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/kimhi-jacob-ben-samuel
"Kimḥi, Jacob ben Samuel." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved February 17, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/kimhi-jacob-ben-samuel
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.