Hogan, John Joseph

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Bishop; b. County Limerick, Ireland, May 10, 1829;d. Kansas City, Mo., Feb. 21, 1913. He received his classical education in Ireland and came to the U.S. in 1848 for his theological course. Ordained on April 10, 1852, by Abp. Peter Richard Kenrick, he filled parochial assignments in St. Louis, Mo., from 1852 to 1857. In 1857 Hogan volunteered for northern Missouri and, with a base at Chillicothe, took up a life of travel by horseback and on the newly built railroad. In 1865 he was indicted for refusing to take a test oath required of clergy by the Missouri Constitution, but he won a victory when the U.S. Supreme Court declared this requirement to be unconstitutional. When the city of St. Joseph in northwestern Missouri became an episcopal see, Hogan was appointed bishop (March 3, 1868) and was consecrated on September 13 by Kenrick. At this time there were some 3,000 Catholics in the territory. In 1880 the Diocese of Kansas City was erected, and Hogan was transferred there while continuing to administer the Diocese of St. Joseph. He governed the two dioceses until 1893, when Bp. Maurice F. Burke of Cheyenne, Wyo., was transferred to St. Joseph. During Hogan's episcopate at Kansas City, the number of priests and Catholics increased sharply, new religious communities came to the diocese, and new churches, including the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, were built. In 1896 John J. Glennon, a priest of the Diocese of Kansas City, was appointed coadjutor. Among Hogan's published works were On the Mission in Missouri (1892) and Nautical Distances and How to Compute Them (1903).

Bibliography: j. j. schlafly, A History of the Catholic Church in the Diocese of Kansas City (Kansas City 1955).

[w. w. baum]