Hinsley, Arthur

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Cardinal, fifth archbishop of Westminster, England;b. Carlton, Yorkshire, England, Aug. 25, 1865; d. Buntingford, near London, March 17, 1943. He was the son of Thomas, a carpenter, and Bridget (Ryan) Hinsley. He was educated at the Catholic school in Carlton; at Ushaw College, Durham, England, receiving his A.B. (1889); and at the English College, Rome. After ordination (1893) he lectured on philosophy at Ushaw until 1897. He was headmaster (18991904) of St. Bede's Grammar School, which he founded at Bradford, England. After acting as pastor in Sutton Park (190411) and Sydenham (191117), he served as rector of the English College, Rome (191728). He was visitor apostolic to Africa (1929) and first apostolic delegate there (193034). Though elderly and infirm, he was recalled from retirement to fill the See at westminster (1935). He became a cardinal in 1937. Active in diocesan affairs, he was largely responsible for the establishment in 1941 of the sword of the spirit, a movement to encourage a return to Christian principles in public and private life.

Bibliography: d. newton, The Dictionary of National Biography from the Earliest Times to 1900, 63 v. (London 18851900; repr. with corrections, 21 v., 190809, 192122, 1938; suppl. 1901) (194150) 394395. j. c. heenan, Cardinal Hinsley (London 1944).

[d. milburn]