Haze, Maria Theresia, Bl.
HAZE, MARIA THERESIA, BL.
Baptized Jeanne, known in religion as Marie-Thérèse du Sacré-Coeur de Jésus, founder of the Daughters of the Holy Cross of Liège; b. Feb. 27, 1782, Liège, Belgium; d. there, Jan. 7, 1876. Haze experienced considerable hardship in her early life because the French Revolution forced her parents into exile and caused the loss of their property. With the guidance of Canon Jean-Guillaume Habets (d. 1876), the co-founder, Maria founded her religious congregation in Lüttich (1833) with five companions using the Rule of the jesuits. The sisters conducted schools, nursed the sick, took care of women who were penitents or prisoners, and tended the destitute in public poorhouses. During Maria's lifetime the congregation, which was recognized by the Vatican on Oct. 1, 1845 and approved on May 9, 1851, spread to Germany, India, and England. Her cause for beatification, introduced by Pope Pius IX (1851) and formally opened with the commissio introductionis causae by Pope pius x (1911), was concluded by Pope John Paul II, who beatified her on April 21, 1991.
Bibliography: l. humblet, La Vénérable Mère Marie-Thérèse Haze (Liège 1924). j. de marchi, The Venerable Mother Marie Thérèse Haze (1928). m. e. pietromarchi, La venerabile Maria Teresa Haze, fondatrice delle Figlie delle Croce (Rome 1946). a. vÄth, Unter dem Kreuzesbanner (2d ed. Düsseldorf 1929).
[m. b. bliss]