Skip to main content

Halevi, Joseph Ẓevi ben Abraham

HALEVI, JOSEPH ẒEVI BEN ABRAHAM

HALEVI, JOSEPH ẒEVI BEN ABRAHAM (1874–1960), Israeli rabbi and halakhic authority. Halevi was born in Slobodka and studied in its famous yeshivah. In 1891 he settled in Ereẓ Israel, where in 1897 he was appointed dayyan and assistant to his father-in-law, Naphtali Herz ha-Levi, the first Ashkenazi rabbi of Jaffa. In 1902 on the death of his father-in-law, he served for a time as rabbi of Jaffa, but when A.I. *Kook was appointed rabbi of Jaffa, Halevi was appointed head of the first permanent bet din established there. During Kook's absence from Ereẓ Israel in World War i he took over his functions as rabbi of the Ashkenazi community and together with Ben Zion *Ouziel represented the Jewish community of Jaffa-Tel Aviv before the Turkish government. Following the expulsion of Jews from Jaffa-Tel Aviv by the Turks, Halevi went to Petaḥ Tikvah and to Rishon le-Zion, returning to Jaffa after the entry of the British into Ereẓ Israel. He continued to fill the office of av bet din also during the rabbinates of Aaronson (1923–1935), Amiel (1936–1945), and Unterman (from 1947).

Halevi was a prolific author. Most of the 17 books he wrote deal with the halakhot and precepts applying to the land of Israel, maintaining that with the beginning of the "ingathering of the exiles" attention should again be paid to these laws. The following are some of his works: Hora'at Sha'ah (1909), an exposition of the principles permitting the working of the land in the Sabbatical year by selling it to a gentile; Hashkafah li-Verakhah (1930), on the laws of the separation of the tithes; Aser Te'asser (1935), on *terumot and ma'aserot ("tithes"); Neta ha-Areẓ (1939), Zera ha-Areẓ (1941), Keremha-Areẓ (1943), Lehem ha-Areẓ (1950); Ḥovat Giddulei ha-Areẓ (1953), dealing with the laws of *orlah, *kilayim (mixed species) of seeds and trees, kilayim of the vineyard, the law of *Ḥallah and the laws of *leket, shikhḥah and pe'ah; Amirah Ne'imah (1948; second series 1955 in two parts), halakhic expositions and novella; Va-Tomer Ẓiyyon, 2 pts. (1950–58), homilies on the Pentateuch; Torat ha-Korbanot (1959), an exposition of 288 halakhot in Maimonides' laws of the sacrifices. Most of his works follow a standard pattern. The basis is the text from Maimonides' Mishneh Torah, to which he adds the decisions of rishonim and the decisions based upon new developments. Although there is an element of casuistry in his works, in the main he aims at giving the practical halakhah. In 1958 he was awarded the Israel Prize.

bibliography:

Ha-Ẓofeh (March 3–4, 1960, Apr. 1960); Tidhar, 1 (1947), 354f.; S.J. Zevin, Soferim u-Sefarim, 1 (1959), 59–70; I. Goldschlag, in: Shanah be-Shanah (1961), 361–63; Yahadut Lita, 3 (1967), 84.

[Yehoshua Horowitz]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Halevi, Joseph Ẓevi ben Abraham." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Halevi, Joseph Ẓevi ben Abraham." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/halevi-joseph-zevi-ben-abraham

"Halevi, Joseph Ẓevi ben Abraham." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved August 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/halevi-joseph-zevi-ben-abraham

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.