GALLING, KURT ° (1900–1987), German Lutheran biblical scholar. He was professor at Halle from 1928 to 1945, at Mainz from 1946 to 1954, from 1955 at Goettingen, and from 1962 at Tuebingen. A student of Hugo Gressmann, Galling was a versatile and prolific scholar and a pioneer in bringing precision into biblical archaeology, especially through his Biblisches Reallexikon. Galling published works and articles on archaeology and biblical history, theology, and exegesis, including Der Altar in den Kulturen des Alten Orients (1925), Die Erwaehlungstraditionen Israels (1928), Biblisches Reallexikon (1937), Der Prediger Salomo (1940, 19642), Das Bild vom Menschen in biblischer Sicht (1947), Die Buecher der Chronik, Esra, Nehemia (1954), and Studien zur Geschichte Israels im persischen Zeitalter (1964). From 1957 to 1962 Galling edited the third edition of Die Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart, to which he contributed scores of articles in various fields.
rgg3, Registerband (1965), 69–70; Theologische Literaturzeitung, 85 (1960), 153–8, incl. extensive bibl. add. bibliography: T. Thompson, in: dbi, 1:430.
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