Frere, Rudolph Walter Howard

views updated


Anglican bishop, liturgist, musicologist; b. Cambridge, England, Nov. 23, 1863; d. Mirfield, Yorkshire, April 2, 1938. From Trinity College, Cambridge, he went to Wells Theological College and was ordained in 1889. As curate (188792) of St. Dunstan's, Stepney, within reach of the British Museum manuscript collections, he laid the foundation for his intensive lifelong research into medieval chant and liturgy. In 1892 he was professed in the new Anglican Community of the Resurrection and he was superior from 1902 to 1912 and from 1917 to 1922. In 1923 in Westminster Abbey he was consecrated bishop of Truro. He took an active part in the malines conversations. His principal works are editions of the Winchester Troper (see liturgical music, history of), the Sarum Gradual, Consuetudinary, Ordinal, and Tonal; the Hereford Breviary and Hymns Ancient and Modern (historical ed., 1909); articles in Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians (3d ed.), The Oxford History of Music (2d ed.), Journal of Theological Studies, and Church Quarterly Review.

See Also: sarum use.

Bibliography: c. s. phillips et al., eds., Walter Howard Frere: A Memoir (London 1947). w. shaw, Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart, ed. f. blume (Kassel-Basel 1949) 4:911.

[l. ellinwood]