Frente Agrária (FA)
Frente Agrária (FA)
In 1962, the Brazilian Catholic Church established the Frente Agrária to promote the interests of rural workers through the formation of labor unions. Begun in the South, the Frente was preceded in the Northeast by the church's Rural Assistance Service (SAR; founded 1949) and Rural Orientation Service of Pernambuco (SORPE: founded 1961). New church teachings promulgated by the peasant-born Pope John XXIII inspired the young priests who led the organization. Although the Church wanted them to combat communism and Peasant League influences in the countryside, some of the Frente's radical clergy eventually worked together with Communists in the Superintendency of Agrarian Reform (SUPRA). The 1964 military coup d'état suppressed the front and jailed its leaders.
Emanuel de Kadt, Catholic Radicals in Brazil (1970).
Thomas C. Bruneau, The Political Transformation of the Brazilian Catholic Church (1974).
Bandeira, Marina. A Igreja Católica na virada da questão social (1930–1964): Anotações para uma história da Igreja no Brasil: (ensaio de interpretação). Rio de Janeiro: Editora Vozes: Educam: Centro Alceu Amoroso Lima para a Liberdade, 2000.
Stédile, João Pedro, and Douglas Estevam. A questão agrária no Brasil. 2nd ed. São Paulo: Editora Expressão Popular, 2005.
"Frente Agrária (FA)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 16, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/frente-agraria-fa
"Frente Agrária (FA)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved January 16, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/frente-agraria-fa
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.