Skip to main content

Fossanova, Abbey of


Former Cistercian abbey 60 miles south of Rome, Diocese of Terracina, Italy; now occupied by Conventual Franciscans. Pope Innocent II gave the 11th-century Benedictine monastery of St. Stephen to Cistercians from hautecombe (1135), and Frederick I Barbarossa and Innocent III favored it to make it one of the most important Cistercian foundations in Italy. It is known for drainage (fossa nuova ) of the swamps and colonization of south Italy with seven daughterhouses. Its well-preserved Burgundian Gothic church, the first such structure in the south (1208), influenced later Italian architecture. In 1274 Thomas Aquinas died at Fossanova. The commendatory abbatial title was held by cardinals from the Renaissance to 1795, when Pius VI gave Fossanova to Cistercians of Casamari. It was suppressed during Napoleonic rule (1812) and revived by Carthusians (1826).

Bibliography: a. serafini, L'Abbazia di Fossanova e le origini dell'architettura gotica nel Lazio (Rome 1924). h. hahn, Die frühe Kirchenbaukunst der Zisterzienser (Berlin 1957). u. chevalier, Répertoire des sources historiques du moyen-âge. Topobibliographie, 2 v. (Paris 18941903) 1150. l. h. cottineau, Répertoire topobibliographique des abbayes et prieurés, 2 v. (Mâcon 193539) 1:1200. k. spahr, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner, 10 v. (2d, new ed. Freiburg 195765) suppl., Das Zweite Vatikanische Konzil: Dokumente und Kommentare, ed. h. s. brechter et al., pt. 1 (1966) 4:226.

[l. j. lekai]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Fossanova, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . 22 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Fossanova, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . (March 22, 2019).

"Fossanova, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved March 22, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.