Everard of Ypres
EVERARD OF YPRES
Writer; b. Ypres, Belgium; d. Clairvaux. Everard studied under gilbert de la porrÉe at Chartres, Paris, and Poitiers. From 1162 to 1165 he was a cleric in France of Hyacinth, the future celestine iii. A teacher at the University of paris for most of his life, Everard wrote a compendium (summula ) of Canon Law sometime after 1180 and addressed a letter to urban iii (1185–87) to de nounce some alleged errors concerning the Trinity and the God-Man. He remained an ardent admirer of his mas ter Gilbert and during the reign of Celestine III (1191–98) wrote his principal work, a Latin Dialogue between Rati us and Everard, in which Gilbert's cause is defended by a fictitious Greek, called Ratius, who strongly disagrees with St. Bernard's interpretation of Gilbert's theology. Ratius is also quite critical of certain aspects of monastic life. A letter addressed to Everard by a certain "Brother B." reexamines and questions statements made in the Dialogue and in the letter to Urban. Everard spent his last years as a Cistercian at Clairvaux.
Bibliography: n. m. haring, "A Latin Dialogue on the Doctrine of Gilbert of Poitiers," Mediaeval Studies 15 (1953) 243–289: "The Cistercian Everard of Ypres …," ibid. 17 (1955) 143–172.
[n. m. haring]
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