Eulenburg, Isaac ben Abraham Moses Israel

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EULENBURG, ISAAC BEN ABRAHAM MOSES ISRAEL (d. 1657), rabbi and author, also known as Isaac Przybyslawa. Isaac's father, who died in 1605, was the cantor and scribe of the old synagogue of Cracow. Isaac studied under Joel *Sirkes and from 1640 to 1647 served as dayyan and preacher in Cracow. Moses Jekuthiel Kaufman, in Leḥem ha-Panim, quotes one of his halakhic decisions given during his stay in Cracow. In 1648 Isaac became rabbi of Lissa and, finally, of Leipnik (Moravia), where he died. He is incorrectly held by some to have occupied a rabbinical position in Brest-Litovsk (Brisk), Lithuania, and in Nikolsburg. Eulenburg's novellae on the Shulḥan Arukh, Even ha-Ezer and Ḥoshen Mishpat, a work on marriage and divorce, and his responsa, have remained in manuscript. He is sometimes identified with the "Isaac ha-Darshan" frequently referred to by Michael Jospes in his Birkat ha-Mayim (1861), and has also been identified by several scholars (Zunz and Landshut) with Isaac b. Abraham Moses Israel, the author of a seliḥah bewailing the massacre of the Jews of Podolia and Ukraine in 1648–49. Lewin, however, maintains the author to have been a rabbi of Posen who bore the same name.


Landshuth, Ammudet, xiii–xv, no. 7; H.N. Dembitzer, Kelilat Yofi, 2 (1893), 97b; S. Buber, Anshei Shem (1895), 114, no. 271; Wettstein, in: Sefer ha-Yovel… N. Sokolow (1904), 297f., no. 21; L. Lewin, Geschichte der Juden in Lissa (1904), 173f., 372f. (no. 18), 378.

[Itzhak Alfassi]