Elipandus of Toledo
ELIPANDUS OF TOLEDO
Chief proponent of the 8th-century heresy of adoptionism in Spain; b. July 25, 717; d. after 800 (807?). He was appointed archbishop of Toledo c. 783. In condemning Migetius for sabellianism (Seville, c. 782), Elipandus himself became the author of the Spanish form of adoptionism, claiming that there are two distinct persons in Christ. Felix of Urgel, a contemporary and a subject of Charlemagne, introduced adoptionism into the southern part of Charles's kingdom. He is sometimes considered the author of adoptionism; but alcuin blames Elipandus (Patrologia Latina 101:231–300). beatus of liÉbana and Etherius, Bishop of Osma [Symbolum fidei Elipandianae (785); (Patrologia Latina 96:916–920], opposed Elipandus, and Pope adrian i condemned him.
charlemagne convoked a council at Frankfurt (794), to which the Pope sent legates, and adoptionism was formally condemned. The submission of Elipandus is uncertain, since all documents that assert it derive from a single doubtful source. The error of Elipandus is variously ascribed to Moslem or Nestorian influence or to that of the mozarabic rite. Vernet states, however, that adoptionists had rejected Moslem Christological errors. Some Nestorian influence—real, but hard to trace—and the emphasis of the Mozarabic liturgy seem to be the principal sources of his erroneous theories.
Bibliography: h. flÓrez et al, España sagrada 5:561–564. c. j. von hefele, Histoires et conciles d'après les documents originaux, trans and continued by h. leclercq, 3:985–992. f. vernet, Dictionnaire de théologie catholique 4.2:2330–40. j. f. rivera, "La controversia adopionista del siglo VIII y la ortodoxia de la liturgia Mozárabe," Ephemerides Liturgicae 47 (1933) 506–536; Elipando de Toledo (Toledo 1940). É amann, "L'Adoptionisme espagnol du VIIIe siècle," Revue des sciences religieuses 16 (1936) 281–317. a. bigelmair, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner (Freiburg 1957–65) 3:815.
[c. m. aherne]
"Elipandus of Toledo." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 18, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/elipandus-toledo
"Elipandus of Toledo." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved January 18, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/elipandus-toledo
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.