Edgeworth de Firmont, Henry Essex
EDGEWORTH DE FIRMONT, HENRY ESSEX
Priest; b. Edgeworthtown, County Longford, Ireland, 1745; d. Mitau (or Yelgava), Latvia, May 22, 1807. He was the son of a Protestant pastor who was converted to Catholicism, and who moved with his family to Toulouse in 1749. After studying there under the Jesuits, Edgeworth made his ecclesiastical studies in Paris, was ordained, and then devoted himself in Paris to the direction of consciences. He became the confessor of Madame Elizabeth, sister of the king. During the french revolution, when King louis xvi chose him to assist at his last hours, Edgeworth went to the Temple prison, conversed at length with the condemned monarch, heard his confession, celebrated Mass for him, distributed Holy Communion to him, and remained with him on the scaffold (1793). Since Edgeworth's courage and priestly activity made him hateful to the revolutionaries, he had to hide in Choisy-le-Roi, Fontainebleau, and Bayeux before taking refuge in England (1796). After visiting the Count of Artois in Edinburgh, he became chaplain to Louis XVIII at Blackenbourg and then at Mitau. His devotion to wounded French prisoners during Napoleon's campaign in Poland led to his own death through a disease contracted while caring for them.
Bibliography: h. e. edgeworth de firmont, Letters from the Abbé Edgeworth to His Friends, ed. t. b. england (London 1818). c. s. edgeworth, Memoirs of the Abbé Edgeworth, Containing His Narrative of the Last Hours of Louis XVI (London 1815). v. m. montagu, The Abbé Edgeworth and His Friends (London 1913). j. herissay, Les Aumôniers de la guillotine (Paris 1954).
"Edgeworth de Firmont, Henry Essex." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 20, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/edgeworth-de-firmont-henry-essex
"Edgeworth de Firmont, Henry Essex." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved March 20, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/edgeworth-de-firmont-henry-essex
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.