Cyril of Constantinople, St.

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Erroneously considered a carmelite prior general; b. c. 1138; d. May 7, 1234. What are apparently the earliest accounts describe him only as a Greek who was a priest and hermit of Mount Carmel. His title, doctor, cannot be justified. Writings incorrectly assigned to him are Oraculum angelicum s. Cyrilli, a Joachimite tract (see jo achim of fiore), and Epistola ad Eusebium, a fanciful history of the Carmelites up to the early thirteenth century, actually an integral part of the collection of Philip Ribot, OCarm, who toward the end of the fourteenth century edited or probably wrote all the parts of this collection.

Feast: March 6.

Bibliography: g. mesters, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner (Freiburg 195765) 6:710. r. baumer, ibid. 7:1186. g. wessels, ed., "Epistola s. Cyrilli," Analecta Ordinis Carmelitarum Calceatorum 3 (191416) 279286.

[k. j. egan]