Cochlaeus, Johannes (Johann Dobeneck)
COCHLAEUS, JOHANNES (JOHANN DOBENECK)
Priest, humanist, theologian, and opponent of Luther; b. Wendelstein, near Nuremberg, 1479; d. Breslau, Jan. 10, 1552. He came of peasant origin. He studied humanism first at Nuremberg and then more intensively at the University of Cologne (1504–07) with Ulrich Von hutten. As rector of the Latin school of St. Lawrence in Nuremberg (1510–15), he published noted textbooks and improved methods of instruction. He studied law at Bologna (1515–17), took a degree in scholastic theology at Ferrara in 1517, although he preferred the humanist method, and was ordained while in Rome (1517–19). At Frankfurt in 1520 he entered the reformation controversies, granting need of reform and trying, with Girolamo Aleandro, to reconcile Martin luther. When Luther spurned debate, Cochlaeus began to write the first of his many polemical tracts, to which Luther answered but once. In his nearly 200 writings Cochlaeus was always zealous and often persuasive, but too frequently his learning was inadequate or clouded with invective. Such was his Commentaria de actis et scriptis Martini Lutheri (1549), long famous among Catholics but now discredited. Valuable for reference is his Historia Hussitarum XII libri (1549). Some of his works ended on the Index, because of his argumentum ad absurdum against "Scripture alone." He gave his services to Cardinal albrecht of brandenburg (1526) and became chaplain and secretary to Duke george of saxony from 1528 to 1539. With them he attended the famous diets and helped refute the augsburg confession (1530).
Bibliography: m. spahn, Johannes Cochlaeus (Berlin 1898), a catalogue of his works. h. jedin, Des Johannes Cochlaeus Streitschrift De libero arbitrio hominis (Breslau 1927). a. herte, Das Katholische Lutherbild im Bann der Lutherkommentare des Cochlaeus, 3 v. (Münster 1943). r. bÄumer, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche ed. j. hofer and k. rahner (2d, new ed. Freiburg 1957–65) 2:1243–44. h. liebing, Die Religion in Geschichte und Gegenwart (3d ed. Tübingen 1957–65) 1:1842.
[j. t. graham]
"Cochlaeus, Johannes (Johann Dobeneck)." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 22, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cochlaeus-johannes-johann-dobeneck
"Cochlaeus, Johannes (Johann Dobeneck)." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 22, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/cochlaeus-johannes-johann-dobeneck
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.