Charles VI of Hapsburg°
CHARLES VI OF HAPSBURG°
CHARLES VI OF HAPSBURG ° (1685–1740), king of Hungary as charles iii, and from 1711 Holy Roman Emperor. His attitude to Austrian Jewry was fanatically hostile although he appreciated the financial talents of Diego *D'Aguilar and availed himself of the services of Samson *Wertheimer and Samuel *Oppenheimer. Using the pretext of a *blood libel, Charles threatened Viennese Jewry with expulsion in 1715. Yet in 1720, as Holy Roman Emperor, he permitted the printing of the Talmud in Germany. In 1723 he renewed the privileges of Moravian Jewry, but in 1726 he ordered that Jews should be segregated from Christians in Moravian localities and issued the *Familiants laws. Under the peace treaties Charles concluded with the Turkish sultan (1718 and 1739), Jews who were Ottoman subjects were permitted to move freely in Austria. In 1722 Charles ordered the destruction of the synagogue at *Usov (Maehrisch Aussee), and in 1732, he refused an application to build a synagogue in Vienna. He appointed David *Oppenheim as chief rabbi of Prague and Bohemia in 1713.
H. Tietze, Die Juden Wiens (1935), index; W. Mueller, Urkundliche Beitraege zur Geschichte der Maehrischen Judenschaft im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert (1903), 33–79; M. Grunwald, Samuel Oppenheimer (Ger., 1913), index; idem, Vienna (1935), index; Y.L. Bialer, Min ha-Genazim, 2 (1969/70).