CARVALLO, JULES (1820–1893), French engineer. Carvallo planned and executed various large-scale public works in France and elsewhere, notably an irrigation system in the Ebro area in Spain. His views were vaguely Saint Simonian. In two articles which were published in S. Bloch's Orthodox monthly, Univers Israélite in 1851 and 1853, he called for an "International Congress for the defense of Jewish rights." He was later one of the founders of the *Alliance Israélite Universelle (1860). He also founded a newspaper, L'Opinion Nationale, "for the defense of oppressed peoples," in collaboration with Adolphe *Crémieux.
Z. Szajkowski, in: JSOS, 9 (1947), 40.
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