BUXBAUM, NATHAN (1890–1943), Polish leader of the *Po'alei Zion movement, and later of left-wing Po'alei Zion. Buxbaum was born in Lemberg (Lvov) and while at school, he was first secretary-general and from 1912 chairman of the high-school students' Po'alei Zion movement. After serving in the Austrian army during World War i, he became a leader of Po'alei Zion and edited the movement's newspaper, Der Yidisher Arbayter. When the party split in 1920, Buxbaum joined left-wing Po'alei Zion and edited its journal, Folksblat. In 1924 he moved to Warsaw where he was active in the administration of the party and contributed to its publications in Yiddish. From 1927 Buxbaum was a member of the Warsaw City Council. He visited Ereẓ Israel in 1937 and published a series of enthusiastic articles about the labor settlements. When World War ii broke out, he lived in Lvov until he was brought to Warsaw by the National Jewish Council (the Jewish underground engaged in the rescue of Jews). He lived on the "Aryan side," but in early 1943 was deported with his wife and daughter as an "alien" to *Bergen-Belsen, from where he was taken in October 1943 to an unknown destination, probably Auschwitz.
N. Neustadt (ed.), Ḥurban u-Mered shel Yehudei Varsha (1946), 237–39
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