Bishop, ambassador, treasurer of England; b. Menthorpe, near Bubwith, Yorkshire; d. Wookey, Somersetshire, England, Oct. 27, 1424. During his career he was distinguished as a royal official and as a genuinely resident bishop. He began as a chancery clerk (c. 1380). He soon became such a notable provisor (Emden 1:295) that in 1399 he had to secure a pardon for obtaining papal provisions without the royal license. Under King Henry IV he received canonries and prebends in Exeter (1399), Wells (1399), and York (1400), and the archdeaconry of Richmond (Mar. 16, 1402, which he exchanged two days later for the prebend of Driffield in York), as well as canonries in Salisbury (1400), Chichester (1402), Lincoln (1403), and Saint Paul's (1406). These offices he held while he was secretary to Henry IV (1402); he was also custos rotulorum (1402–05) and keeper of the privy seal (1405–06). He was provided to the bishopric of London on May 19, 1406. A year later he became treasurer of England (1407–08), then bishop of Salisbury (June 22, 1407), but he was moved to allow for Robert hallum, who had been provided to the archbishopric of York but had been denied the title by the king and council. Bub-with was provided to Bath and Wells on Oct. 7, 1407. While bishop of the latter see, he was appointed an envoy to treat with Scotland (May 22, 1412); in 1414 he was one of the king's ambassadors at the Council of constance, returning in August of 1418. At Constance he and Bp. Robert Hallum induced Giovanni Bertoldi da Serravalle, bishop of Fermo, to translate the Divine Comedy into Latin verse with a Latin commentary. Bubwith was generous with his wealth, which was considerable. Wylie (Henry IV, 3: 131) states that he often returned to the Exchequer sums that he might legitimately have claimed, not least as a member of the council (£200 a year). He built the western tower and altered the walls of the church of Bubwith, Yorkshire; at Wells he contributed to poor churches and built the northern tower of the west front of the cathedral and the library above the east cloister. He also founded the Bishop Nicholas Almshouse.
Bibliography: j. h. wylie, History of England under Henry IV, 4 v. (London 1884–98) v. 3, 4. The Register of Henry Chichele, ed. e. f. jacob and h. c. johnson, 4 v. (Canterbury and York Society 42, 45–47; London 1937–47) 2:298–302, for his will. a. b. emden, A Biographical Register of the University of Oxford to a.d. 1500 1:294–296.
[e. f. jacob]
"Bubwith, Nicholas." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 13, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bubwith-nicholas
"Bubwith, Nicholas." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 13, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bubwith-nicholas
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.