Skip to main content

Bruckner, Ferdinand


BRUCKNER, FERDINAND (pseudonym of Theodor Tagger ; 1891–1958), German poet and playwright. Bruckner was born in Vienna, and studied music and law in Vienna and Paris. He began his literary career as a lyric poet and essayist, but soon became a playwright. In 1923 he founded and became director of the Renaissance-Theater in Berlin. After Hitler came to power, Bruckner wrote the first anti-Nazi exile-drama, a play titled Die Rassen (1934). This play was directed and performed in the Zürcher Schauspielhaus the same year. Bruckner emigrated to the U.S. He returned to Berlin in 1951, where he lived until his death. Most of Bruckner's plays deal with contemporary life and politics. One of his favorite themes was the struggle between the generations, which he dealt with in Krankheit der Jugend (1928), Die Verbrecher (1929), Die Rassen (1934), and Die Befreiten (1945). Bruckner also wrote several historical dramas, including Elisabeth von England (1930), Napoleon der Erste (1937), and Simon Bolivar (1945). His last play was Pyrrhus und Andromache (1952).


H. Friedman and O. Mann, Deutsche Literatur im 20. Jahrhundert, 1 (1961), 162ff.; E. Rieder Laska, Ferdinand Bruckner (thesis, Heidelberg, 1961). add. bibliography: F. Bruckner, Werke, Tagebücher, Briefe, ed. H.G. Roloff (2003); G. Labroisse, in: Die Resonanz des Exil (1992), 154–63; H.P. Bayerdörfer, in: Deutsch jüdische Exilund Emigrationsliteratur (1993), 165–83.

[Rudolf Kayser /

Noam Zadoff (2nd ed.)]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Bruckner, Ferdinand." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 23 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Bruckner, Ferdinand." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (March 23, 2019).

"Bruckner, Ferdinand." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved March 23, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.