BONDY, CURT (1894–1972), German psychologist, educator, and author. Bondy was born and studied in Hamburg. He started his professional career as a research assistant at the Institute of Education of the University of Goettingen and returned to the University of Hamburg in 1925 as an associate professor (full professor, 1930). He did research in social work with special emphasis on the problems of youth and adolescence, and juvenile delinquency. Bondy was compelled to leave Germany in 1933, when the Nazis came to power; he was involved in extensive refugee work in Europe and the U.S.A. until 1940, when he joined the psychology department at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, becoming head of the department. In 1950 he returned to the University of Hamburg as professor of psychology and social pedagogics and continued the research tradition of his teacher William Stern until 1959. Bondy wrote extensively for periodicals and professional journals and his major works include Die proletarische Jugendbewegung in Deutschland (1922), Paedagogische Probleme im Jungend-Strafvollzug (1925), Bedingungslose Jugend (with K. Eyferth; 1952), Social Psychology in Western Germany 1945–1955 (with K. Riegel; 1956), Youth in Western Germany (with O. Hilbig; 1957), and Probleme der Jugendhilfe (1957).
P. Probst, "Das Hamburgische Psychologische Institut (1911–1994)," in: K. Pawlik (ed.), Bericht über den 39. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft fuer Psychologen in Hamburg 1994, vol. 2 (1995).
[Ernest Schwarcz /
Bjoern Siegel (2nd ed.)]
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