Skip to main content

Belloy, Jean Baptiste de

BELLOY, JEAN BAPTISTE DE

Cardinal archbishop of Paris; b. Moragles (Oise), Oct. 19, 1709; d. Paris, June 10, 1808. He studied in Paris, receiving his doctorate in theology in 1737. He was consecrated bishop of Glandèves in 1752. The famous Assembly of 1755 split the French clergy into moderates and zealots, the latter denying the Last Sacraments to all nonsubscribers to Clement XI's Unigenitus (1713). Henri belsunce de castelmoran, Bishop of Marseilles, died during the Assembly, and Belloy, a supporter of the moderate party, was at once named to replace him. Belsunce's misguided zeal for Unigenitus had created the danger of schism. Belloy's conciliatory spirit won both sides and restored peace. In July 1790 the National Assembly suppressed the Marseilles diocese. Belloy protested, quietly withdrew to Chambly, and remained there during the French Revolution. In 1801, to help his concordat with Napoleon, Pius VII asked the French bishops to resign. Belloy quickly complied. In 1802 Napoleon named him archbishop of Paris. Belloy accepted the new order with its freedom of conscience and worship and urged Catholics to do the same. Despite his admiration for Napoleon he avoided politics.

Bibliography: a. lesort, Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques 7:92931. r. de chauvigny, Le Card. de Belloye l'Église de Marseille de 1789 à 1802 (Avignon 1930). j.f. michaud, Biographie universelle ancienne et moderne, 45 v. (Paris 185465) 3:593594.

[w. e. langley]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Belloy, Jean Baptiste de." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Belloy, Jean Baptiste de." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 20, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/belloy-jean-baptiste-de

"Belloy, Jean Baptiste de." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved November 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/belloy-jean-baptiste-de

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.