Auernheimer, Raoul

views updated


AUERNHEIMER, RAOUL (1876–1948), Austrian author (pseudonyms R. Heimern, R. Othmar ). Auernheimer was born in Vienna, where he studied law (Ph.D., 1904). Under the aegis of his mother's cousin, Theodor *Herzl, he became editor of the Viennese Neue Freie Presse. A minor member of the "Young Vienna" group of writers, Auernheimer gained prominence with his numerous plays, novels, and books on historical and social themes. These works include Talent (1899), Das Paar nach der Mode (1913), Casanova in Wien (1924), Gewitter auf dem Rigi (1932), and Wien (1938). His many volumes of short stories are reminiscent of the impressionistic style of Arthur *Schnitzler. From 1922, he was vice president of Austrian pen. After internment in the Dachau concentration camp (Feb.–Aug. 1938), Auernheimer immigrated to the U.S., settling in Hollywood, where he wrote biographies of Metternich and of the Austrian dramatist Franz Grillparzer (1948). His autobiography, Das Wirtshaus zur verlorenen Zeit, was published posthumously (1948).


H. Zohn, Wiener Juden in der deutschen Literatur (1964), 49–51. add. bibliography: Biographisches Handbuch der deutschsprachigen Emigration, 2 (1983), 41, bibl.

[Harry Zohn /

Marcus Pyka (2nd ed.)]